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Executive Functioning

Executive Functioning refers to thinking processes that help us to plan, organize, focus, prioritize, and manage time and space. Problems with executive functioning often become more apparent in adolescents and adults as tasks at school and in the workplace become more complex.

An individual with Executive Functioning Disorder may experience difficulty with:

  • making plans
  • beginning tasks
  • keeping track of time
  • keeping track of more than one thing at a time
  • monitoring and changing behavior as needed
  • interacting with other people
  • evaluating ideas
  • inhibiting inappropriate behaviors
  • fitting in socially

Source: Dr. Russell Barkley, Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, South Carolina as presented at his Nov. 20 and 21, 2008, workshop titled Advances in ADHD Theory, Diagnosis, and Management and the National Center for Learning Disabilities web site.